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A hamster’s teeth never stop growing and they have a ‘self-sharpening’ system where the incisors grind against each other while gnawing, which wears the teeth down.
Hamsters are born with a full set of 16 teeth. They don’t have milk teeth and adult teeth, but only one set that lasts their entire life. They have four incisors; two on the top and two on the bottom. Hamsters have no canine teeth, only a gap between their incisors and cheek teeth called a diastema.
Hamsters use their incisors to groom, grab food, and occasionally-bite attackers. The incisors are long and thin and curve towards the hamster’s head. They aren’t used for chewing, but without them, hamsters would have a difficult time eating, staying clean, and shredded materials for their bedding.
Hamsters have both premolars and molars, but they are nearly identical, and servce the same purpose, so they are generally grouped together as cheek teeth. Cheek teeth are vital for crushing and chewing the tough foods like seeds and grains that hamsters feed on. The irregular (chewing) surfaces of these teeth do a good job of crushing and masticating tough foods when hamsters chew.
Like many rodent teeth, hamsters chompers keep growing for their entire lives. This is because hamsters have a diet that requires a lot of chewing, and if their teeth didn’t keep growing throughout their lives, they would wear out long before the hamster reached old age. The Latin root of the word ‘rodent’ actually means ‘to gnaw’; so you can see why hamsters are considered rodents.
Hamsters teeth are not like human teeth, which only grow once and then wear down over the course of our lives. Unlike other kinds of teeth, hamster teeth do not have true roots. Instead, they have open roots. This allows their teeth to keep growing forever.
Why do Hamsters Have Brown Teeth.
Many first time hamster owners ask the question; why are my hamster’s teeth brown? Or orange? Or yellow? They expect their healthy hamster to have pearly whites, but hamsters have a unique kind of enamel. This enamel develops below the gumline, and helps the hamsters’ teeth continuously grow. And what color is this enamel? It tends to be yellowish orange to brown, and is almost never white.
Yellow or brown teeth are perfectly normal and healthy in hamsters. The older they are, the darker their teeth get. So it’s even possible to tell how old a hamster is by the darkness of its teeth.
Because their teeth never stop growing, pet hamsters often have tooth issues. If you choose a hamster as a pet, it’s important to provide them with the appropriate diet and plenty of pet safe wood blocks to chew. However, even with a good diet and plenty to chew on, hamsters may still develop dental problems. Let’s take a look at some of the most common issues that plague hamsters’ teeth.
One of the most common health problems hamsters face is overgrown teeth. Teeth become overgrown when the hamster doesn’t use them enough, either for chewing up tough food or for chewing on things like wood and cardboard. Their teeth keep growing, whether they use them or not, and this can quickly become a problem if they’re not worn down fast enough.
Overgrown incisors can quickly become misaligned, meaning they get so long they actually start growing crooked. They can also pierce the gums or mouth, and may even cause abscesses or infections.
The cheek teeth can become overgrown too, though it’s much harder for owners to see these teeth to know whether they are too long. Overgrown cheek teeth may cause a variety of problems; including entrapment of the tongue and interference with the cheek pouches. Tongue entrapment happens when the cheek teeth get so long that they actually prevent the tongue from moving, which severely impacts the hamster’s ability to eat. Because hamsters have cheek pouches located right next to their cheek teeth, overgrown cheek teeth may actually lacerate the cheek pouches, and could cause infection.
Hamsters spend much of their lives chewing with their cheek teeth. The cheek teeth are pressed close together, and it’s not uncommon for food to get stuck in between or behind them. Because of this, hamsters are prone to caries (cavities). Left untreated, caries can rot the tooth, and may even cause an infection or abscess. If you suspect that your hamster has any kind of tooth problem, be sure to consult a veterinary specialist immediately.
In order to maintain good tooth health throughout their lives, two things are extremely important for your pet hamster.
First, owners should provide a suitable diet of primarily seeds and hamster formulated pellets. Hamsters can also be give produce and fresh greens, but these should be given sparingly as treats, and should not make up the bulk of the hamster’s diet. Sugary treats should also be avoided, as these can contribute to dental caries.
Second, hamsters love to chew. This means they need more than just food in their enclosure; they need wood blocks too. The best place to buy these is at the pet store, where pet safe, non-toxic wood blocks formulated specially for hamster teeth can be found.
It’s fairly simple to prevent dental problems in your pet hamster with the appropriate diet and chewing supplements, but tooth maladies may still occur. Most issues are treatable by veterinary specialists, who can file or even extract problem teeth.
Information From :A-Z Aniamals
Hamster Water Bottle- Water Check
Your hamster’s water bottle should have a valveless sipper tube as hamsters are not able to apply strong suction, so they sometimes find it difficult to suck water from a traditional ‘ball-valve’ sipper tube. As long as the sipper if of a realatively small diameter, or has been manufactured with a pinch segment, your hamster will find it far easier to use. This may be particularly important for young, old or sick animals.
Make sure you check the water bottle daily for leaks and/or blockages and change you hamster’s water at least once a day. You should also make time to regularly clean the bottle and nozzle properly to avoid contamination.
Many options are availabe to keep your hamster entertained and yourself also. CLICK ON PICTURE TO PURCHASE ITEM.
Hamsters need a comfortable, dry, draught-free, clean place to live, in a quiet place where they can rest undisturbed. Make sure the lights go off at approximately the same time each night. Hamsters are very sensitive to high frequency sounds (known as ultrasound) which we cannot hear, and can find this stressful. House your hamster away from items in the home which can generate ultrasound, such as television sets, computer screens, vacuum cleaners or sources of running water.
Your hamster’s cage should be safe from hazards (like sharp metal or gaps they could get stuck in) and secure, as hamsters can easily escape from poorly constructed cages! Hamsters need a lot of room – especially when they are active at night – so buy as big a cage as possible, ideally with a deep plastic base (minimum 3-5cm) and wire top.
A multi-level cage will allow your hamster to climb and make the most of the space in his/her cage and you can place tunnels and toys in it for your hamster to explore. Wire sides will allow them to climb around the bars of the cage – a favourite pastime and great exercise!
Hamsters really enjoy burrowing so provide a thick layer of litter/bedding material in the deep base of the cage. This can be dust-free wood shavings or granulated corn-cob, but check the material if free of harmful preservatives or other chemicals. Straw should not be used in your hamster’s cage because the tough strands can hurt his/her cheek pouches. Coarse sand can be used as an alternative litter option.
The CritterTrail SUPER Habitat boosts 540 square inches of living space for large breed hamsters or gerbils. Featuring a second level of living space made by a Comfort Shelf and safety ramp and a Port Door to connect to other CritterTrail habitats or accessories. The large top access door allows use both hands when entering the habitat for safe removal of pets. Great design allows for easy cleaning with the rounded corners and quick release clips to remove the wire top.
Height: 16.5 IN
Width: 18 IN
16″;W X 10 1/2″;D X 16″;H. Expandable home has two spacious levels of living space for all hamsters, gerbils or mice. Includes comfort shelves, water bottle, food dish, exercise wheel, and climbing tubes.
- – Ideal for use as a mouse, gerbil or hamster cage
- – Made with sturdy wire and durable plastic for your pet’s safety and comfort
- – Colorful home compatible with CritterTrail, Habitrail and SAM systems